The Secret of Internal Communications
Used with permission of the author:
Author: Chris Moerdyk
As the article appeared in Bizcommunity.com
1 May 2007
Ironic, isn't it? - that the very thing so fundamental to business is something that human beings are so singularly useless at. Communication. More specifically, inter-personal communication. Of all living organisms, homo sapiens comes stone last. Even bacteria communicate better.
Think I'm exaggerating? Well, how often does a colleague pass his cold on to you just by being in the same office? And equally, how often did he cock up that telephone message he took for you?
If you're still not convinced about how bad we are at the art of communication try the good old broken telephone test. Get a dozen or so people to sit round a table and write down on a piece of paper a simple message. Something like: "Better late than never." Now whisper this simple little phrase into the ear of the person next to you. He in turn whispers it into the ear of the person next to him and so on. Each person is allowed only one chance to hear and then transmit the message.
Never ever has the original message gone round the table and stayed intact. By the time "Better late than never" is halfway round the table it will be something like: "Louis Luyt is a mother..."
It is without doubt one of the most depressing tests of human intellect.
So, how does one handle internal communications in business? Certainly the most popular system of "cascading" doesn't work. This is where, for example, a message that needs to go out from a board meeting to an entire organisation is passed on from the various directors to their senior managers who pass it on to middle managers, who pass it on to their underlings who eventually pass it on to supervisors and ultimately the workers.
Sometimes it actually works - usually only when it is in the personal interests of the person passing on the message. Otherwise it hasn't a hope in Hades. And even when it does work it takes ages - anything up to three months or more to filter through an organisation of a few thousand people.
That's human nature. But why not use human nature to do the job? Why do we insist on using systems we're bad at instead of things we're really good at? Like rumour-mongering and trying to get other people into trouble so we can have their jobs?
I'm not joking. I was once asked by the board of a multi-national to suggest ways of improving internal communications after years of frustration at the lack of success of the cascade system. The directors wanted the entire organisation, some 3000 people and a network of retailers, to hear about a new product as quickly as possible and preferably before the press and public found out about it. I suggested the "grapevine" method - something I'd pondered over in the bath a few months earlier.
Basically this meant setting up a simple system - starting with the MD's secretary, who in every organisation tends to be the centre of office political intelligence. I asked her for the names of five of the company's most active rumour-mongers. One of these was selected and the marketing director was charged with the task of getting the message across to the company. I suggested he corner the rumour-monger in question in the gents toilet or a convenient quiet passageway and, in passing and as part of idle conversation, say to him: "Don't tell anyone but we've decided to go ahead and launch this new product..."
It took 45 minutes for the first retailer to phone in asking if the rumour was true... It took less than that for the message to get to everyone inside the company. Beats hell out of the cascade system.
Another communications myth in business is that it is the responsibility of a company to keep its staff informed, usually induced by employees continually bitching about not knowing what is going on. A nice idea but totally impractical.
For a start, how does one know what staff want to be informed about? In even a medium sized business if the communications department wanted to cover all the bases and keep employees well and truly satisfied, it would have to produce a newspaper roughly the size of the Sunday Independent every week!
What managers should do when staff whinge about not being informed is to put a finger under their noses and tell them that when they want to know something to try asking! In fact, chief executives should insist on managers encouraging staff to ask questions and impose dire penalties for not finding out and passing on the answers.
The beauty of doing things this way it that it gives the cascade system of communication a better chance of working by going at it from the bottom up. Rather like clearing a blocked lavatory by reversing the flow of water through the U-bend. A carefully chosen analogy this, because in both cases a lot of crap is cleared from the system at the same time. It is enormously cost-effective and obviates the need to "shotgun" masses of information at employees on the assumption that it will all be of interest.
Another communications myth concerns confidentiality in board meetings. There is no such thing as confidentiality in board meetings.
For a start, the very fact that minutes need to be typed, duplicated and distributed to board members means that the cat is already out of the boardroom. Secondly, finding a human being who is capable of keeping mum for any length of time is extremely rare. Finding five or six in the same room is impossible.
So, the basic rule of business communication is: "Keeping secrets is as impossibly difficult as getting a message across to everyone..."
Chris Moerdykwas listed in a 2006 corporate survey as one of South Africa's top marketing thought leaders and in an earlier Financial Mail poll he was voted one of the 20 most influential people in the SA advertising industry. He now spends his time as a marketing analyst and consultant as well as commentator on marketing for newspapers, TV, magazines and online. He is a member of the advisory board of the Journal of Marketing. In September 2002 he was appointed by President Thabo Mbeki to the inaugural board of the Media Development and Diversity Agency, a unique, statutory organisation in global terms. In 2001 he was awarded a prestigious Fellowship of The Institute of Marketing Management. In 1999 he was presented with the SA Communicator of the Year Award by Technikon Pretoria. He trained the SABC's very first TV news team. He is a founder member of the Government/private sector national communications partnership for the 2010 World Cup and heads up the 2010 NCP Media & Communications Cluster. In 2003 he was appointed a Brand Ambassador by the International Marketing Council. He is also a member of the Superbrands Council of SA. Chris is a marketing advisor and analyst. He can be contact at .
Secrecy and effective communication in the workplace are important concepts in managing information in the organisation.
Keywords and relevant phrases
Cascade system, confidentiality, communication, communication management, information, information flow, information sharing, integrity, internal communication, reputation management, rumour, secrets.